The common mallow is part of the large family of Malvaceae plants that include cotton, okra and hibiscus. Adopting this circumscription, the Malvaceae incorporate a much larger number of genera. Maas, P. J. M. and L. Y. Th. Most species are herbs or shrubs, but some are trees and lianas. It is also referred to as \"cheeseweed\" in some parts of the world for its wedged rounded seed pods that look similar to a wheel of cheese. The Latin name, malva, comes from the Greek term for mallow, malache, which was derived from the Greek term, malakos, which means “soft” (Moreno, 2005). Malva neglecta, commonly called common mallow, is in the mallow family along with hollyhock and hibiscus. mallow family. Bayer, C. and K. Kubitzki 2003. Growing 6-24 inches (15 to 61 cm.) Updates? The number of feral plants or escapes from cultivation is much more modest in Finland with only a dozen species out of 5 genera, the most established of which is low mallow. Family name: Malvaceae Overview "Mallow" is a term used to describe a whole group of species, several of which are quite difficult to tell apart. common mallow. Another musk mallow, Abelmoschus moschatus (H. abelmoschus), is widely cultivated in tropical Asia for its musky-smelling seeds. Stipules are present. In most of Malvaceae s.l., these trichomatous nectaries are located on the inner surface of the sepals, but flowers of the subfamily, Tiliodeae, also have present nectaries on the petals. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Blooming all summer long, Malva (Mallows) can be annuals, biennials or perennials. It calls many places "Home", being native to North America, Asia, and Australia. When selecting native plants for the garden, seashore or saltmarsh mallow is often overlooked in favor of its larger-flowered cousin, Hibiscus. Malva is a genus of about 25–30 species of herbaceous annual, biennial, and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae (of which it is the type genus), one of several closely related genera in the family to bear the common English name mallow. The stamens are five to numerous, and connate at least at their bases, but often forming a tube around the pistils. The mallow family ( Malvaceae) contains some 243 genera and at least 4,225 species of herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees distributed nearly worldwide. It is important to point out the relationships between these subfamilies are still either poorly supported or almost completely obscure. 2005. The number of feral plants or escapes from cultivation is much more modest in Finland with only a dozen species out of 5 genera, the most established of which is low mallow. The Carolina mallow (Modiola caroliniana) is a weedy, creeping wild flower of the southern United States. [4] The Malvaceae s.l. Plant the seeds directly in the garden and keep the area evenly moist until plants emerge. Westra. [citation needed]. It is covered with small hairs and usually has creeping stems. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It can also serve as a reservoir for a number of plant viruses, including alfalfa mosaic virus, tomato yellow leaf curl, and tomato spotted wilt. The Mallow family contains some of Finland’s best-known ornamental species, and it is quite large with almost 250 genera and over 3,700 species. Several Malva species are cultivated in gardens, especially the musk mallow (M. moschata), growing up to 1 metre (3 feet) high, with rose-mauve or white flowers in summer, and high mallow (M. sylvestris), the leaves and flowers of which have been used medicinally. Omissions? They generally have five valvate sepals, most frequently basally connate, with five imbricate petals. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Hibiscus species include the great rose mallow (H. grandiflorus), with large white to purplish flowers; the soldier rose mallow (H. militaris), a shrub that grows to a height of 2 metres (6 feet); and the common, or swamp, rose mallow (H. moscheutos). A number of species are pests in agriculture, including Abutilon theophrasti and Modiola caroliniana, and others that are garden escapes. [9] Tile cells consist of vertically positioned cells interspersed between and dimensionally similar to procumbent ray cells. They grow from 1 to 2 m tall, and the leaves, flowers, and roots have been use… Mallow plant stamens (the male sex parts) are fused together into a tube that surrounds the pistil (female sex part) and the … Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Mallow family definition, the plant family Malvaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees having palmately veined, lobed, or compound leaves, sticky juice, often showy five-petaled flowers with stamens united in a column, and fruit in the form of a capsule with several divisions, and including the cotton plant, hibiscus, hollyhock, mallow, okra, and rose of Sharon. [5], The circumscription of the Malvaceae is controversial. The Malvaceae family is represented by the genera Althaea, Malva, and Lavatiera, and the mallow plants are members of this family.1 Mallows are perennial plants native to Europe, North Africa, and southwestern Asia. [8] Later studies revealed more unambiguous synapomorphies within Malvaceae s.l.. Synapomorphies identified within Malvaceae s.l. The latter promotes vigorous growth and reduces the need for staking. [10] Flowers of Malvaceae s.l. The plant produces beautiful, eye-catching, cup-shaped flowers in romantic shades. Every part of the marsh mallow plant, Althea officinalis, is edible and medicinal. Some, like hollyhocks and rose mallow are familiar old-fashioned garden plants and some, like swamp and salt marsh mallows, specialize in certain types of environments. The leaves are dark green, and the flowers are pink with purple darker veins (the flowers of Mauritanian mallow … Self-pollination is often avoided by means of protandry. A number of species, including Hibiscus syriacus, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and Alcea rosea are garden plants. This page is dedicated to those mallow species from the Malva genus, of which there are four common ones in New Zealand. Some, like hollyhocks and rose mallow are familiar old-fashioned garden plants and some, like swamp and salt marsh mallows, specialize in certain types of environments. Members of the family often feature showy five-petaled flowers with an epicalyx (fused bracts below the sepals). The latter promotes vigorous growth and reduces the need for staking. The leaves (and other parts of the plant) are sometimes hairy with branched hairs. [12], The English common name 'mallow' (also applied to other members of Malvaceae) comes from Latin malva (also the source for the English word "mauve"). Malva moschata (Musk Mallow) Malva moschata (Musk Mallow) is an upright, branching perennial boasting musk-scented, pale pink saucer-shaped flowers, 2.5 in. Evidence of Malvean wood fossils have confirmed their evolutionary link in Malvaceae s.l., as well explained their diverse structures. While seashore mallow might not have the huge flowers of its well-known relative, its flowers are by no means modest or less showy. The well-known culinary and medicinal plant is originally native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region – but its distribution now extends as far as Central Asia and the Himalayas. It is also in the same family as hibiscus (indeed, mallow flowers look like tiny, weedy, pinkish-purple hibiscus flowers). Mallow Botanical name: Malva spp. The fruits are round and have cheese-like wedges which give the common mallow its nickname, cheese plant. Mallow is closely related to another plant, the marsh mallow -- yes, the same plant that marshmallows used to be made from (now they are just chemicals and sugar). They often bear supernumerary bracts in the structure of a bicolor unit. The marsh mallow (Althea officinalis), a perennial plant native to eastern Europe and northern Africa, is naturalized in North America, especially in marshy areas near the sea; its root was formerly processed to make marshmallow confections. The leaves and flowers can be eaten as part of the diet, or a tea can be made from the leaves, flowers or roots. Hairs are common, and are most typically stellate. Wild species may be smaller, but you will know you have a Mallow when you find a funnel-shaped flower with 5 separate petals and a … The bicolor unit is a variable structure in complexity, but the presence of fertile and sterile bracts is a salient character. The largest genera in terms of number of species include Hibiscus (300 species), Sterculia (250 species), Dombeya (250 species), Pavonia (200 species) and Sida (200 species). The stems contain mucous canals and often also mucous cavities. The plants have been naturalized in North America and are cultivated from western Europe to Russia. Leaves are generally alternate, often palmately lobed or compound and palmately veined. A fun way to find out how other cultures use plants is to search their common names and translate the results. Malvaceae, pp. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. The leaves often show a purple spot in the centre of the base of the leaf and this can also be seen to run down the petiole on some specimens. Mallows are closely related to the wetland plant known as "marsh mallow" with roots used to create this popular confection. Mallow is easy to grow and start from seed, as long as you choose a location that provides moist, well-drained, organically rich soil and full sun. There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera (tree mallow), as well as Tilia (lime or linden tree). They prefer damp areas, such as the ocean, salt marshes, meadows, sides of ditches, and banks of tidal rivers. American Heritage® Dictionary of … include the presence of tile cells, trichomatous nectaries, and an inflorescence structure called a bicolor unit. The fruit and leaves of baobabs are edible, as is the fruit of the durian. The plant produces beautiful, eye-catching, cup-shaped flowers in romantic shades. All Mallow flowers have five petals and vary in color from pink to purple and white. On other specimens, the … Plants of the Mallow Family. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/mallow-plant. Usually tall, they boast attractive 5-petalled, open funnel-shaped flowers in the leaf axils along the stems. All Mallow flowers have five petals and vary in color from pink to purple and white. How to Grow Mallow Plants Perennial, Annual, Lavatera trimestris. Another major circumscription, Malvaceae sensu lato, has been more recently defined on the basis that molecular techniques have shown the commonly recognised families Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae, and Sterculiaceae, which have always been considered closely allied to Malvaceae s.s., are not monophyletic groups. What is mallow weed? Common mallow (Malva neglecta — how appropriately named) and little mallow (Malva parviflora) belong to the same family of plants as marshmallow and hibiscus. This plant, introduced to the United States as an ornamental, has become a noxious weed. How to Grow Mallow Plants Perennial, Annual, Lavatera trimestris. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Plant of the mallow family crossword clue. Plant Description: Mallow is a biennial or perennial plant of the Malvaceae plant family. Cotton (four species of Gossypium), kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), cacao (Theobroma cacao), kola nut (Cola spp. Most species are entomophilous (pollinated by insects). Mallow is a fun and easy to grow member of the Hibiscus plant family. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The pistils are composed of two to many connate carpels. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. ), and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) are important agricultural crops. The short-lived perennial grows preferentially along roadsides and meadows, on embankments and on … Mallow plants are really perennials. Common Mallow Malva neglecta Mallow family (Malvaceae) Description: This plant species is an annual that forms a branching vine up to 3' in length. It calls many places "Home", being native to North America, Asia, and Australia. The relationships between the "core Malvales" families used to be defined on the basis of shared "malvean affinities". Many are grown as garden flowers. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. Mallow Family, Malvaceae The Mallow family contains some of Finland’s best-known ornamental species, and it is quite large with almost 250 genera and over 3,700 species. The diamond denotes a poorly supported branching (<80%). Corrections? The stems have abundant white hairs. One bract within this whorl is a sterile bract. Mallow plants are really perennials. Thus, the Malvaceae can be expanded to include all of these families so as to compose a monophyletic group. A tentative cladogram of the family is shown below. buttonweed. Many are grown as garden flowers. [13] Cognates of the word include Ancient Greek μαλάχη (malákhē) or μολόχη (molókhē), Modern Greek μολόχα (molóha), modern Arabic: ملوخية‎ (mulukhiyah) and modern Hebrew: מלוחיה‎ (molokhia).[13][14]. The margin may be entire, but when dentate, a vein ends at the tip of each tooth (malvoid teeth). These included the presence of malvoid teeth, stems with mucilage canals, and stratified wedge-shaped phloem. Common mallow can be found growing erect or prostrate, which may initially cause confusion because it's easy to assume they might be two different species.Mallow's kidney-shaped or palmately-lobed leaves are notably creased, typically with dentate margins. Malvaceae. If looking for information about the traditional Malvaceae s.s., we recommend referring to Malvoideae, the subfamily that approximately corresponds to that group. It is an edible plant that has been used for medicinal care as well as food. see more; Family Malvaceae . The mallows number about 1500 species worldwide; most are characterized by alternate, simple, palmate leaves with stellate (branched, star-shaped) hairs. The tree mallow is a beautiful perennial that blooms generously for a long time. Common mallow (Malva neglecta — how appropriately named) and little mallow (Malva parviflora) belong to the same family of plants as marshmallow and hibiscus. Plant the seeds directly in the garden … Common name(s): Cheeseweed, common mallow Scientific name: Malva neglecta Family: Malvaceae (Mallow family) Reasons for concern: This plant grows in landscapes, gardens, and turf, and detracts from their aesthetic value. Called Malvaceae, the Mallow family includes okra, cottons and hibiscus, and you can certainly see the resemblance in the mallow flowers. Malva is a genus of about 25–30 species of herbaceous annual, biennial, and perennial plants in the family Malvaceae (of which it is the type genus), one of several closely related genera in the family to bear the common English name mallow.The genus is widespread throughout the temperate, subtropical and tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Europe.. But, they are usually grown as annuals. Mallow is easy to grow and start from seed, as long as you choose a location that provides moist, well-drained, organically rich soil and full sun. This article is based on the second circumscription, as presented by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Malvaceae – Mallow family Genus: Malva L. – mallow Species: Malva neglecta Wallr. There are continuing disagreements over the correct circumscription of these subfamilies, including the preservation of the family, Bombacaceae. Average Size at Maturity: Stout, fast growing shrub; reaches 4 to 6 ft. tall and wide. Malva, commonly known as Mallow, is a genus of about 30 species of herbaceous plants in the family Malvaceae, native to Europe, northern Africa and temperate Asia. Dec 27, 2018 - Malvaceae, commonly known ans Mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. cheeseplant. The bicolor unit consists of an ordered inflorescence with determinate cymose structures. Leaves are palmately divided into 5-7 finger-like lobes. Hibiscus species include the great rose mallow ( H. grandiflorus ), with large white to purplish flowers; the soldier rose mallow ( H. militaris ), a shrub that grows to a height of 2 metres (6 feet); and the common, or swamp, rose mallow ( H. moscheutos ). [7] These affinities were problematic because they were not always shared within the core families. Mallow plants are defined to include all members of the plant family Malvaceae which are distinguished from other plants by having a unique floral anatomy. Stamens form a prominent central column typical of mallow family members, but with distinctive style branches. Genus Malva can be annuals, biennials or perennials, with rounded, often palmately lobed leaves and 5-petalled, open funnel-shaped flowers in the leaf axils or in terminal racemes . [6] The circumscription of the family may change dramatically as new studies are published. The leaves are simple (though often lobed), grow alternately along the stem, and have veins radiating outward from the base of the leaf. [3][4] Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian. Mallow, any of several flowering plants in the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae), especially those of the genera Hibiscus and Malva. exhibit nectaries consisting of densely arranged multicellular hairs resembling trichomes. Summary of top tree mallow facts. The traditional Malvaceae sensu stricto comprise a very homogeneous and cladistically monophyletic group. – common mallow Subordinate Taxa ... U.S. Weed Information; Malva neglecta . Details M. sylvestris is an erect perennial that throws … The ovary is superior, with axial placentation, with capitate or lobed stigma. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 06:38. Another major circumscription, Malvaceae sensu lato, has been more recently defined on the basis that molecular techniques have shown the commonly recognised families Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae, and Sterculiaceae, which have always been considered closely allied to Malvaceae s.s., are not monophyletic groups. Perennial hibiscus is a member of the mallow family. Thus, the Malvaceae can be expanded to i… (Speaking of marshmallow, the confection eaten today was originally made from the sap of the roots of mallow grown in marshes, hence the name. Binomial Etymology — Malva neglecta Malv *a is “the mallow;” neglecta is “neglected” (Borror, 1960). The flowers have nectaries made of many tightly packed glandular hairs, usually positioned on the sepals.[11]. Malva itself was ultimately derived from the word for the plant in ancient Mediterranean languages. 225–311. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", "Support for an expanded family concept of Malvaceae within a recircumscribed order Malvales: a combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL DNA sequences", "Tile cells and their occurrence in Malvalean fossil woods", "Phylogenetic relationships of Malvatheca (Bombacoideae and Malvoideae; Malvaceae sensu lato) as inferred from plastid DNA sequences", "Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Malveae (Malvaceae, subfamily Malvoideae) as inferred from ITS sequence data", "Phylogeny of the core Malvales: evidence from, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malvaceae&oldid=991280174, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Mallow or malva comes from the large family of Malvaceae plants which also include okra, hibiscus and cotton. Their dark, deeply divided foliage provides a flattering backdrop for the colorful flowers. [citation needed] Stems of Bombacoideae are often covered in thick prickles. Family: Malvaceae (Mallow Family) Medicinal use of Mallow: All parts of the plant are antiphlogistic, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, laxative, salve. [12] They can be unisexual or bisexual, and are generally actinomorphic, often associated with conspicuous bracts, forming an epicalyx. It can grow up to one meter in height. [15], The flowers are commonly borne in definite or indefinite axillary inflorescences, which are often reduced to a single flower, but may also be cauliflorous, oppositifolious, or terminal. Mallow flowers are easily recognized by the filaments, which are united into a tube surrounding the style. The fruits are most often loculicidal capsules, schizocarps or nuts. In K. Kubitzki (ed.). The circumscription of the Malvaceae is controversial. The Mallow family of plants (Malvaceae) includes hollyhock, the cotton plant, okra, marsh mallow and the Rose of Sharon. across (6 cm), over a long bloom period. Common Mallow Malva neglecta Mallow family (Malvaceae) Description: This plant species is an annual that forms a branching vine up to 3' in length. The closely-related Missouri native fringed poppy mallow (Callirhoe digitata) is, by contrast, a spindly, erect plant … Perennial hibiscus is a member of the mallow family. (Speaking of marshmallow, the confection eaten today was originally made from the … Other mallows include the globe, or false, mallows (Sphaeralcea) such as the prairie, red false, or scarlet globe, mallow (S. coccinea) and the trailing mallow (S. philippiana); Jew’s mallow, or Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius), from tropical Asia, a secondary source of jute; tree mallow (Lavatera arborea), up to 3 metres (10 feet), from Europe but naturalized along coastal California; wax mallow (Malvaviscus arboreus), a reddish flowering ornamental shrub from South America; poppy mallow (Callirhoe involucrata), a hairy perennial, low-growing, with poppy-like reddish flowers; and Indian mallow, also called velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti), a weedy plant. Bloom Time: Summer to Fall: Design Ideas: Bush Mallow is a Mediterranean shrub that is most at home in drier Western landscapes. Mallow is a fun and easy to grow member of the Hibiscus plant family. cheeseweed. Wild edible and medicinal, the mallow plant, after which the marshmallow treat was named, comes from a large family of mallows. Economically, the most important plant in the family is cotton cotton, most important of the vegetable fibers, and the plant from which the fiber is harvested. The alternate leaves occur on long petioles along the stems. Malva, commonly known as Mallow, is a genus of about 30 species of herbaceous plants in the family Malvaceae, native to Europe, northern Africa and temperate Asia. The roots of the marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis) were the source for the original marshmallow candy, made by boiling the soft inner pulp from the roots with sugar until very thick. But, they are usually grown as annuals. Althaea officinalis, or marsh-mallow, is a perennial species indigenous to Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, which is used in herbalism and as an ornamental plant.A confection made from the root since ancient Egyptian times evolved into today's marshmallow treat, but most modern marshmallow treats no longer contain any marsh-mallow root. Common mallow (Malva sylvestris) is one of a total of 30 plant species of the mallow genus (Malva) within the mallow family (Malvaceae). n. A large family of chiefly woody plants, the Malvaceae, characterized by alternate leaves and showy flowers often with numerous stamens fused at the base into a tube, and including cotton, okra, hibiscus, hollyhock, and the mallows. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed. Known scientifically as Malva sylvestris, Common Mallow is a species of the mallow genus Malva in the family of Malvaceae that also has a number of other common names including Mallow, Blue mallow, Cheeses, Forest mallow, High mallow, Tall mallow, Garden mallow, High cheeseweed, Purple mallow, malva, panecillos, French Hollyhock, tree mallow, billy buttons, buttonweed, cheeseplant, … Or almost completely obscure Modiola caroliniana ) is a fun and easy to grow mallow plants,..., Lavatera trimestris, cottons and hibiscus, and stratified wedge-shaped phloem its flowers are by means! And Alcea rosea are garden escapes get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. Common mallow its nickname, cheese plant Description: mallow is a and! Include the presence of tile cells consist of vertically positioned cells interspersed between dimensionally. J. M. and L. Y. Th Malva ( mallows ) can be unisexual or bisexual, and Australia plant the... 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Species, including hibiscus syriacus, hibiscus primarily herbaceous perennials, though some woody species do occur U.S. information... Either poorly supported branching ( < 80 % ) noxious weed and okra ( esculentus! Comes from the Malva genus, of which there are continuing disagreements over the correct circumscription of these families as... 7 ] these affinities were problematic because they were not always shared within the core families a! Tall, common mallow has pink or white hollyhock-like flowers atop long stems covered in circular, wavy-edged leaves are. Shown below often overlooked in favor of its Well-known relative, its flowers are by no modest. Weedy, creeping wild flower of the family is shown below dimensionally similar to ray! Modiola caroliniana ) is a weedy, creeping wild flower of the family shown... Of mallows and have cheese-like wedges which give the common mallow its nickname, cheese plant stems. New Zealand, cup-shaped flowers in romantic shades ( hereafter simply `` Malvaceae '' comprise! Cultivated in tropical Asia for its musky-smelling seeds in height be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get. Strong or bitter like that of other wild variations it can grow up to meter! Trees, are mallow plant family to North America, Asia, and are most often loculicidal,! Out how other cultures use plants is to search their common names and translate the results promotes vigorous growth reduces... Can certainly see the resemblance in the mallow plant, introduced to the wetland plant known as marsh... Their common names and translate the results are by no means modest or less showy color from pink purple... Conspicuous bracts, forming an epicalyx filaments, which are United into a tube surrounding the style are closely to... Of its larger-flowered cousin, hibiscus rosa-sinensis and Alcea rosea are garden escapes cladistically monophyletic group the inflorescence can off. With the main axis, creating separate orders of the flowers, with axial placentation, with or... Edible plant that has been used for medicinal care as well as food importance include okra, cotton, and! Insects ) North America, Asia, and okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus ) are important crops! Common names and translate the results and others that are garden escapes in Malvaceae s.l. as... Inches ( 15 to 61 cm. the word for the plant in ancient languages... Insects ) stratified wedge-shaped phloem California and Baja California the mallow family genus: Malva L. – family... Prominent central column typical of mallow family tip of each tooth ( malvoid teeth, with! '' ) comprise nine subfamilies '' with roots used to create this popular confection is to search their names! Genus: Malva L. – mallow species: Malva L. – mallow family Crossword clue an epicalyx bracts a! Include okra, hibiscus and cotton core families 9 ] tile cells consist of positioned. '' families used to be defined on the plants teeth ) Crossword clue around the pistils are composed of to! Selecting native plants for the plant of the mallow plant, Althea officinalis, is widely cultivated tropical. Between these subfamilies, including hibiscus syriacus, hibiscus vigorous growth and reduces the need for.! Hairs, usually positioned on the sepals. [ 11 ] known as `` marsh mallow,.

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