Muslim holidays are set in accordance with the Muslim lunar calendar and are 11 days earlier every year. Arabs are also big on making long speeches and interrupting others. But friends and relatives often drop by unannounced. If a person stretches out a hand and flicks the wrist it means "what do you want" or "what's up." Need to move abroad? Give to beggars. Westerners should not use this title. Also, don't cross your legs in front of an older people and don't step over someone who is sitting down Show respect, remain quiet and stay out of the way. There are over billion of Muslims in the world living in different countries, speaks different languages but share one common Muslim culture. The current Islamic practices and customs are the result of amalgamation of local culture and Muslim beliefs. Abu Hurairah (rta) said: “The Prophet (sa) said: ‘Allah (swt) likes the act of sneezing and dislikes the act of yawning. Life revolves around the five daily prayer. In Saudi Arabia, women are not supposed to leave home without a male escort, although many do. Muslims are expected to carefully wash before and after every meal. It means the same thing as does in the West—“very good.” If a policeman or official makes a line across your palm with his index he is asking you for your passport or other documents. On Fridays, the Muslim day of prayer, mosques are often filled with people. Doing Business in Iran. Encyclopædia Britannica article britannica.com ; Dirty feet in a mosques are regarded as an insult to Islam. Sometimes they remove them before entering an office. A person who hold up his right hand and twists it back and forth is saying "I don't understand," or “What does that mean?” In some places, shaking the head from side to side (which means no in the West) can mean the same thing or “What, I didn’t hear you” or “What’s the matter?”. In villages there are special guest houses for visitors. Oct 31, 2019 2 comments . If a man and a woman are together questions are usually addressed to the man. Vehicles—whether be buses, service taxis or private cars—often pull to the side of the road during prayer time so people can pray. The former because it reportedly has hallucinogenic properties and the latter because it contains alcohol. Employers allow workers to take the time to visit a local mosque or at least break for five or ten minutes at the work place to allow for prayers.. This culture ingrained in our common belief that “There is no Lord but Allah and Muhammad (PBUH) is His Messenger.”. It is doubly hard when the gesture is a basic greeting in another culture and a taboo in my own. Mind Your Manners: Your guide to Iranian customs & etiquette Respecting local customs is an important part of travelling. However, these regulations are not observed very inflexible about tourists. It is customary in some Bedouin tribes for a host to smear blood from a slaughtered animal onto of the mounth of his guest in a show of hospitality. If a person holds his down and flicks the fingers forward it means “go away.” The gesture with palm up and all five fingertips touching each other means “be patient” in much of the Middle East. Some customs and traditions may be more motivated by culture than by religion. If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. Arabic Customs & Culture for the Business Traveller Around 1 million British nationals visit the United Arab Emirates (UAE) every year. University of Southern California Compendium of Muslim Texts web.archive.org ; Encyclopædia Britannica article on Islam britannica.com ; Any traveler or stranger, even a non-Muslim or an enemy, is considered to be "the guest of Allah," and should treated accordingly. The customs involving women are often based on local traditions rather than the tenets of Islam. Saudi Arabia is one of the strictest and most closed societies in the world. The British traveler and diplomat Freya Stark wrote that “Years of Arab courtesy spoil us for the rough and tumble of the Western World.”. In some places, good male friends often greet each other by reaching out shaking hand with both hands, with a right hand placed on top, gently massaging each other’s hand, or by following a handshake by placing one’s hand’s near one’s heart. This means that an Arab man may spend hours drinking tea and coffee and eating food with a stranger and show up late or miss and appointment with friends. Western women are treated differently than local women and are cut more slack when it comes to abiding by Islamic customs, but not much. The customs and behavior in Saudi Arabia and much of the Persian world is to shake hands on meeting, chat a bit, and shake hands again on leaving – even if you meet ten times a day. [Source: Middle East and North African Customs and Manners by Elizabeth Devine and Nancy Braganti (St. Martin’s Press)]. The Muslim faithful are expected to remove their shoes and wash their feet in a sacred basin before they enter the mosque. Although Arabs often talk among themselves about Islam, women, politics, their governments, Israel, the Palestinian issue, and wars involving Arab world, foreigners should avoid talking about these topics with Arabs. It is also a good idea to wear a “wedding ring” and bring pictures of “your children” (some nephews). Don’t admit you are an atheist or agnostic if you are one. The Islamic lunar months are: 1) Muharram, 2) Safar, 3) Rabi al-Awwal, 4) Rabi al-Thani, 5) Jumadi al-Awwal, 6) Jumadi al-Thani, 7) Rajab, 8) Sha'ban, 9) Ramadan (the fasting month), 10) Shawwal, 11) Dhul Oi'dah and 12) Dhul Hijjah. Sometimes mosque provide women who don't have one with a head scarf. In some conservative areas this kind of behavior may be frowned upon. Islamic Etiquette. By Muslim culture, we meant the culture which represents the consolidation of all the cultures formed by common beliefs and practices. Don’t visit between 2:00pm and 4:00pm. 18/09/2020. If a conflict occurs the host is expected to defend the guest as if he were a member of his family. When a person raises their right hand to their forehead and then places in on their heart it can mean good-bye or no thank you. The public profession of all faiths other than Islam is banned. Close friends of the same sex often embrace Arab-style and kiss each other on both cheeks. 11-32]. “Whosoever believeth in God and the day of resurrection must respect his guest, and the time of being kind to him is one day and one night, and the period of entertaining him is three days, and after that, if he does it longer, he benefits him more. People often ask personal questions first thing, like “are you married?” “How much do you make?” This is often done to size you up, not so much to pass judgement but rather to know how to address you properly and use the correct titles, terms of respect and language. Author: Dr. Sa‘eed ‘Abdul-‘Atheem In the name of Allah, praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah his family and Companions, and those who follow him. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. Therefore the responsibility of the dai’yah is to convey the message and not to put faith in people’s hearts. People in some Arab countries remove their shoes before entering a home. Islam is also seen as an all-comprehensive way of life relatively strict exclusive religious code because of its focus on balancing personal and public life. See Prayer Times. Music, crucifixes, Bibles, books by Jewish authors and other non-Muslim religious texts are also banned. Mosques that allow women often require them to at least wear a head scarf. Gifts are often accepted and opened later in private. (Lecture no. Eat with right hand. ", Image Sources: Wikimedia, Commons except McDonald's Mvslim. If someone holds up their right forefinger and moves it from left to right it is an emphatic “no” or means “never, never.”, an obscene gesture in some Arab countries. Foreigners and local people must abide by Islamic dress codes, abstain from alcohol and pork and observe prohibitions on music and smoking and social customs (do not expose the soles of your feet at people and take things offered to you with your right, not you left, hand). Don’t greet a Muslim with a hug; Muslim men can only hug their wives and women who are directly related to them. The Muslim lunar calendar consists of 12 lunar months, alternating between 29 and 30 days. Never point your finger or feet at someone. When asked about marriage, women should say they married even if they not, and have an excuse to explain why their husband isn’t with them. People are not supposed drop by or to look in the homes of other people unless they are invited. … “I heard this, that God is pure, and loveth purity; and God is liberal, and loveth liberality; God is munificent, and loveth munificence: then keep the courts of your house clean, and do not be like Jews who do not clean the courts of their houses. No period of human civilization has remained devoid of them. Even thing like nutmeg and vanilla flavoring are banned. In large mosques you remove your shoes and place them on a shelf with a number. [Source: Charles F. Horne, ed., The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East, (New York: Parke, Austin, & Lipscomb, 1917), Vol. Visitors who happen by are usually invited to sit and share a cup of thick, gritty coffee. Islamic teachings put great emphasis in how we deal with people in our daily lives. summed up his message by stating: “I have been sent to perfect the best of manners”. Some Muslims feel the greeting should only used with other Muslims. What may sound like shouting and arguing is simply people talking in a normal tone of voice. Prescribed Islamic etiquette is referred to as Adab, and described as "refinement, good manners, morals, ethics, decorum, decency, humaneness and righteousness". It is not right for a guest to stay in the house of the host so long as to inconvenience him. The reasoning went that if someone helped them they should help someone else. In the 30 year cycle, the 2nd, 5th, 7th, 19th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 21st, 24th, 26th, and 29th years are leap years. And when a man cometh into his house without remembering God's name, the devil saith to his followers, "You have got a place to spend the night in." Encyclopedia of the World’s Religions” edited by R.C. They can't drive or ride bicycles; they can’t fly without permission from their husbands; and they can not eat in the company of men even in hotel restaurants frequented by foreigners. Business in Iran, Etiquette, Customs and Culture. Fruit, flowers, a desert, candy for children, house plants, books, games, something small from your home country is fine. Men like to sit around together at tea houses and cafes, talking. In this short Chapter, (containing on 18 verses) Allah (swt) instructs us on how to deal with one another with the best social etiquette. If the husband is talking with another man, they will completely ignore her. the book of manners and etiquette (5586) The Prohibition Of Taking The Kunyah Abul-Qasim, And The Names Which Are Recommended Anas reported that person at Baqi' called another person as Abu'l- Qasim, and Allah's Messenger ( صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ) turned towards him. Some general Islamic customs, traditions, and etiquettes are given below: Pronouncing Allah’s name before Eating or Drinking: The announcement of Allah’s name before eating or drinking has a double purpose. If this is you about to embark on your first visit, this will make for a very useful read. Men and women sit separately on buses. Many places in the Middle East use the Muslim lunar calendar, which is quite different from one used in Europe and the United States, at least side by side with Western Gregorian calendar. If no water is available Muslims are supposed to wash themselves with sand. Feast days (dates vary according to the lunar calendar) include . Such as, Muslims believe in the Oneness of Lord, the Holy Books, and all Prophets from Adam to Muhammad (PBUH) without discrimination, and the Day of Judgment. This dates back to a time when this gesture was used show to that one was unarmed. ), Never point your shoes or the soles of your feet at someone or touch someone with your shoe. Knowing some Arabic is always helpful. Despite the country’s wealth of resources, it’s been a long time that Iran has been isolated from the global economy due to the political situation. Five Pillars of Islam: Belief, Worship, Fasting, Almsgiving and Pilgrimage Ramadan: In the ninth month of the Muslim Calendar, it is the period of time when Muslims abstain from food and drink between the time of sunrise to sunset. If you’re looking for a country full of surprises, then Iran is the place to go. There is no prohibition to be vegetarian in Islam, but any practising Muslim will come across meat on many Islamic occasions when meat is provided. In the Middle East and Arab and Muslim world, homes are regarded as a kind of private sanctuary. When saying goodbye older people often give each other a kind of salute in which they raise their right hand to their forehead and then place in on their heart. Reports that fail to meet such criteria are disregarded. The Sunnahs are the practices and examples drawn from the Prophet Muhammad's life. Cigarettes are offered as a sign of hospitality and friendship. Even so, foreigners should try not to back away if away they can help. Islamic Customs and Etiquette. A comprehensive course taught by Javed Ahmed Ghamidi on his book Meezan. This quiz, Etiquette in Islam, looks at manners. Some women smoke in their homes. Feet are regarded as the lowest part of the body. [Source: Middle East and North African Customs and Manners by Elizabeth Devine and Nancy Braganti (St. Martin’s Press)]. Islam has rules of etiquette and an ethical code involving every aspect of life. “World Religions” edited by Geoffrey Parrinder (Facts on File Publications, New York); “ Arab News, Jeddah; Islam, a Short History by Karen Armstrong; A History of the Arab Peoples by Albert Hourani (Faber and Faber, 1991); Encyclopedia of the World Cultures edited by David Levinson (G.K. Hall & Company, New York, 1994). A comprehensive course taught by Javed Ahmed Ghamidi on his book Meezan. Hospitality obligations often have priority over time concerns. Don’t say anything negative about the leaders or royalty in the country you are visiting. If they do they might be perceived as rude. Discussions can get heated and last for hours. Etiquette. Long lines often form at banks and shops. So much so that they did not care even to seek permission before entering another's house and did not wish each other when they met. The tradition of hospitality originated with Bedouins in the desert. To keep the months in sync with the phases of the moon the length of the twelfth month varies: during a thirty year cycle, 19 of the final months have 29 days and 11 of them have 30 days. Sometimes foreigners are welcomed into homes of even the poorest families and treated to a feast with the head of the household while other members of the family just look and watch. Men often sit cross legged or with their legs to the side. Arab Cultural Awareness fas.org/irp/agency/army ; It generally isn’t. Businesses and shops are often closed on Friday. ‘Muslim culture’ represents many distinct Muslim cultural groups such as the Asian Muslims, the Middle Eastern, the African, the European and the American Muslims, all of them with their own divergence in customs and traditions. Eid al-Fitr (after finishing the fasting months of Ramadan), Eid al-Udha, and. Social Etiquette. Do not feel offended if a woman avoids physical contact in any form, whether it is a greeting kiss or shaking hands. (Reported in Ihya-ul-Uloom by Imam Ghazali). In the summer when it is really hot many businesses open and close early or take a longer afternoon break. Friday is the Muslim equivalent of Sunday. Based on Islamic values, the local customs and etiquette in the UAE may at first seem strange to some. Women are expected to respect Islamic and local customs and traditions. The greeting of Assala mualaikum (“Peace be with you”) used by non-Muslims is sometime greeted with an uneasy silence by Muslims when it is directed towards them. Boyfriends should be treated like husbands. Arabs have a different sense of privacy that Westerners. By Rukhsana Khan. Many places in the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia — and to a lesser degree in other parts of the Arab-Muslim world — observe a Muslim Saturday-through-Wednesday work week. Names, Titles and Introductions in the Muslim-Arab World, Arabs are generally warm and friendly people. Also, you need to cover your head with a hijab or loose scarf. That is the way to summon an animal. Don’t ask personal questions when you first meet somebody; don’t refer to a man’s wife unless you know him well. Some people offer their wrists. However, a modest and respectful behavior as well as following some simple rules will already go a long way in making sure you don’t step on any toes while living in the UAE. 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