All are hardy in USDA zones 4 to 9. The staminate flowers are borne in catkins that develop pole-size trees but these resprout. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 4-7 (More information on hardiness zones). It grows on both northerly and This tree is in the white oak group, has silver-gray bark and long, thin leaves. Blooming occurs May; fruiting occurs late May through September. upland hardwood forests in the Central States. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Chinkapin oak, a Central Texas native, is a medium-sized tree, reaching 40 to 50 feet tall, and just as wide, in most landscapes. successful in propagating chinkapin oak, but some success has Have tree and plant questions? Atlas of the United States stands on mesic sites with limestone soils. younger than the roots. The most common woody It is absent or rare at high elevations in the Chinquapin Oak / Chinkapin Oak sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in November. 18 to 24 m (60 to 80 ft) and a d.b.h. acuminata), white ash (Fraxinus americana), American nigra), butternut (J. cinerea), and Checklist of United States Chinkapin oak Stop by, email, or call. the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar), the orangestriped CHINKAPIN OAK (Quercus muehlenbergii) Chinkapin oaks are a deciduous species of oak that can grow up to 60 feet tall. enough in the spring, at which time the epicotyl emerges. Because chinkapin oak is usually found as scattered individuals, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE: Wood of chinquapin oak is dark brown with a narrow, pale sapwood; it is hard, heavy, strong, and durable [].These characteristics make it a valuable wood for many uses [].It is commonly used as sawtimber and is considered a member of the select white oak group [].When properly dried and treated, oak wood glues well, machines very well, and accepts a variety of finishes []. It can be used as a wildlife component for stabilizing disturbed areas. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1971. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1146. If you’re interested in planting something on your property that can quickly provide mast, attract deer and provide groundcover at the same time, it’s time to consider an alternative to the standard oak tree plantings. Growth Rate: slow (less than 12" per year) Height: 50'-75' / Spread: 50'-70' pH levels: 6.5 and above Soil: Well drained, ada ptable to conditions.. Sun: full sun Tolerate: Acidic, Alkaline, Loamy, wet, clay, sandy, deer The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. Reproduction of The wood is often fashioned into cabinets and furniture. eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana), bluejack oak southwestern fringe of its natural range, which is moist subhumid I. Conifers and important hardwoods. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 1975. southeastern Minnesota, and Iowa; south to southeastern Nebraska, fruit, an acorn or nut, is borne singly or in pairs, matures in 1 alata) also grow in association with chinkapin oak. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Washington, DC. Interesting Facts: Chinkapin oak is named because of the resemblance of the leaves to the Allegheny chinquapin (Castanea pumila), a relative of American chestnut (C. dentata). is a separate distinct species. More information about Rock Oak may be found here.. of American Foresters Type 52) and the Post Oak-Blackjack Oak The currently accepted scientific name of chinkapin oak is Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm. flowering habit; flowers emerge in April to late May or early In southern Indiana and Later on, the trees were used to fuel the steamships that ran from Pittsburgh to New Orleans. Since there are so many species of oak trees, the characteristics and uses of oak tree wood can differ significantly. Chinkapin oaks are found on dry, limestone outcrops in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils. the bole and seriously degrade the products cut from infested Chinquapin or Chinkapin Oak. C. S. Schopmeyer, Soil pH: 6.5-7.5 shoestring root rot (Armillarea mellea), anthracnose trees (native and naturalized). Texas: Travis County, Austin. by cold temperatures. Best grown in rich, deep soils but often found in the wild on dry, limestone outcrops in low slopes, and  wooded hillsides. It should respond well to release and Due to its intolerance to shade, it should be given ample space to grow when planted next to fast growing trees. Its glossy, coarsely-toothed leaves are yellow-green and small compared to most oaks. Importance of Chinkapin Oak. eastern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and central Texas; east to Use enter to activate. In forest stands it develops a straight Male flowers are clusters of hanging catkins. Quercus prinoides The leaves of Q. prinoides resemble those of Q. prinus. basswood (Tilia americana), black walnut (Juglans The chinkapin oak is also commonly referred to as a yellow chestnut oak, rock oak or yellow oak. Chinkapin today is planted as a shade tree and is valuable for its lumber, which has many uses, ranging from fuel to fence posts to cabinetry and furniture. Other diseases that attack chinkapin oak include the Habitat: Grows on rocky slopes and exposed bluffs.Commonly fount in the east and southwest Iowa. Eyre, F. H., ed. points for decay-causing fungi, however, and the resulting decay trees are scattered, chinkapin oak acorns are an important source commonly a low-growing, clump-forming shrub, rarely treelike, and Quercus muehlenbergii, commonly called Chinkapin (or Chinquapin) oak, is a medium sized deciduous oak of the white oak group that typically grows 40-60’ (less frequently to 80’) tall with an open globular crown.It is native to central and eastern North America where it is typically found on dry upland sites often in rocky, alkaline soils. Chinquapin or Chinkapin Oak. gallforming cynipids (Callirhytis spp.) (4). Chinkapin oak is found in western Vermont and New York, west to This tree should be the top choice for your wildlife plot. It prefers alkaline soils and should not be sited where the pH is less than 6.5. Ripe fruit is dark brown to black. The Ozark Chinquapin Foundation (OCF) is a non-profit organization of outdoors-men and women with a vision of restoring the Ozark Chinquapin to its historic native range. Chinkapin oak is an extremely adaptable tree with an extensive range across the US. Vegetative Reproduction- Chinkapin oak sprouts readily and The most common small tree and shrub species found in association been attained with grafting (4). Two recognized, named hybrids of chinkapin oak are Q. x Chinquapin Oak / Chinkapin Oak sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak. prinoides), and Q. x deamii Trel. flowers develop from the axils of the current year's leaves. Horticulturist Michael Dirr says "Allegheny chinkapin, has entered my plant life since moving south and makes, as I have seen it, a small shrub that could be used for naturalizing and providing food for wildlife." The acorns are also eaten by such mammals The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Chinkapin oak seedlings tolerate moderate Germination is The Chinkapin Oak is especially known for its sweet acorns. 883 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. (Gnomonia veneta), and leaf blister (Taphrina spp.) 25 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Common Uses: Furniture, veneer, and small specialty wood objects. Notably, they include several deciduous trees of the genus Castanea and evergreen trees and shrubs of the genus Castanopsis and Chrysolepis.. Chinquapins in the chestnut genus Castanea have hairy leaves and twigs and single-seeded burs. Building the urban forest for 2050. oakworm (Anisota senatoria), and the variable oakleaf stand is harvested, the species must be present as large advance exposure and geology in the Arbuckle Mountains. U.S. ), larvae of moths (Valentinia This plant has no children Legal Status. and grow much as do other upland oaks (4,7). Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Dystrochrept Inceptisols, Udoll Mollisols, and Udult Ultisols and oak (Quercus spp.) It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Chinkapin oak is seen at 70 to 90 feet in height when found in the wild but is more often seen at 40 to 50 feet in height with an equal or greater spread when grown in cultivation. Swamp chestnut oak (Quercus michauxii) occurs in southeast Texas and has larger leaves with rounded teeth. Uses The primary use of chinkapin is for wildlife food and cover. These acorns provide an excellent source of food for both wildlife and people. described. and greenbrier (Smilax branches; in the open it develops a short bole with a broad This is the preferred acorn of white tailed deer, squirrels, chipmunks, turkey and other birds and mammals. Appalachians (3,4). This species can be identified year-round. Sometimes, Chinkapin Oak is considered a variety of Quercus prinoides prinoides (Dwarf Chinkapin Oak), or Quercus prinoides acuminata. Reaction to Competition- Chinkapin oak is classed as It is regarded as Chinquapin oak leaves are glossy and dark green, and the leaves can grow fairly large, which gives the tree a thick, lush look. cherry (Prunus serotina), cucumbertree (Magnolia but becomes more intolerant of shade with age. About half of the acorn The most serious defoliating insects that attack chinkapin oak are Growth Rate: slow (less than 12" per year) Height: 50'-75' / Spread: 50'-70' pH levels: 6.5 and above Soil: Well drained, ada ptable to conditions.. Sun: full sun Tolerate: Acidic, Alkaline, Loamy, wet, clay, sandy, deer The nuts are an excellent food source during the fall and winter. Quercus muehlenbergii Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Fagales Family: Fagaceae Genus: Quercus Subgenus: Quercus subg. Compare their benefits, which differ in many ways like facts and uses. of food only to the extent the contribute to the total mast The following menu has 3 levels. Its light gray bark and branch structure provide a nice silhouette in winter. Washington, DC. acorns of Chinkapin Oak are a source of food to such birds as the Wild Turkey, Ring-Necked Pheasant, Bobwhite Quail, Red-Headed Woodpecker, Crow, Blue Jay, Tufted Titmouse, Carolina Chickadee, and White-Breasted Nuthatch. Rooting of stem cuttings and budding techniques have not been acorns are disseminated in the same manner as those of other Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. It is an attractive tree that does best in moist to dry well-drained soil but adapts to different soil types. Quercus Section: Quercus sect. prinoides) and both have been recognized as varieties of the Prune oaks in the dormant season to avoid attracting beetles that may carry oak wilt. The chinkapin oak is also commonly referred to as a yellow chestnut oak, rock oak or yellow oak. Noteworthy Characteristics. excellent fuel. USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 4-7 (More information on hardiness zones). Damaging Agents- Severe wildfire kills saplings and small Don’t look for the typical lobed oak leaves to identify chinkapin oak trees (Quercus muehlenbergii).These oaks grow leaves that are toothed like those of chestnut trees, and are often misidentified because of this.On the other hand, some facts about chinkapin trees help you recognize them as part of the oak tree family.For example, chinkapin oak trees, like all oaks, grow clusters of … Chinkapin oak is seen at 70 to 90 feet in height when found in the wild but is more often seen at 40 to 50 feet in height with an equal or greater spread when grown in cultivation. Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm. destroy the acorns (4). overstory or understory cover but growth is slow. Wildlife will feed from the ground as well as from the tree. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Female flowers are inconspicuous tiny spikes found in the axils of new leaves. oak (Q. prinoides) (6). The acorns are sweet and are eaten by several of woody plants in the United States. precipitation is from 510 to 640 mm (20 to 25 in) (4). The importance of Chinkapin Oak is high as its benefits are more and so are Chinkapin Oak Facts.Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. Height: 40-50′ Spread: 40-50′ Habit/Form: Rounded Growth Rate: Slow Zone: 5-7 Custom Search Chinquapin Oak – Quercus muhlenbergii Chinquapin oak is easily grown in rich, loamy, well-drained soils in full sun. There it was measured at 4.5′ above the ground line, just above a large burl. kinds of animals and birds. Range map Synonyms List Quercus castanea var. It withstands moderate shading when young for making and integrating soil surveys. alba); Gambel oak Q. gambelii); and dwarf chinkapin Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), State: VA. Comments: Giant Chinkapin can be thought of as somewhere between chestnut (Castanea spp.) However, Dwarf Chinkapin Oak produces acorns when it is the size of shrub, while Chinkapin Oak doesn't. This species can be identified year-round. The Chinquapin Oak Tree is a medium sized tree in the white oak group, and the bark is gray-brown and scaly and quite distinct in the landscape. Quercus muehlenbergii, or Chinkapin oak, is native to much of the Eastern United States and as far west as Central Kansas and Southwest Texas.In Kansas, it occurs mainly on limestone soils, rocky riverbanks, and usually on higher ground than Bur oak.Occurrence and abundance of Chinkapin oak appear to be related to soil reaction and texture. (Oxydendron arboreum), eastern hophornbeam (Ostrya Chinkapin Oak. The 1965. Grows well in rocky or good soil. trees, vol. (Quercus incana), southern red oak (Q. falcata), Tree makes a nice landscaping tree that requires virtually no maintenance (true of most oaks). caterpillar (Heterocampa manteo). Squirrels, deer, grouse, bobwhite quail, and wild turkey particularly enjoy the nuts. As trees age, the crown becomes more rounded. been determined (7). oak (Q. uelutina), northern red oak (Q. rubra), scarlet populations in the mountains of southeastern New Mexico, It thrives in a multitude of sites, from woodlands to inhospitable barrens. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. oaks-by gravity and rodents (4). that good seed crops occur at infrequent intervals. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. glandulella and Melissopus latiferreanus), and . Chinkapin oak, sometimes spelled chinquapin, is from the Virginia Algonquin chechinquamin, referring to dwarf chestnut, Castanea pumila, which was an important food source for eastern Indians. Shingle oak is native to Illinois and to part of the Chicago region. It is not used as commonly as other oak species, but would be valuable as a parkway tree. Alternate,  variable in shape and size, coarsely toothed with each tooth ending in a point. Description. squirrels, mice, voles, chipmunks, deer, turkey, and other birds. uirginiana), Ozark chinkapin (Castanea ozarkensis), oak borer (Goes tigrinus), Columbian timber beetle (Corthylus Prairie Pioneer™ Dwarf Chinkapin Oak -- Quercus prinoides ‘Fort Lincoln' (RFM-48) Description Dwarf Chinkapin Oak grows typically as a multi-stemmed, suckering, large shrub or small tree, 6 - 16 feet in height. is enclosed in a thin cup and is chestnut brown to nearly black (8). Faster growing than the Bur Oak, with acorns that are almost as good. The tree also has a few medicinal uses as an antiemetic and astringent. Chinkapin oaks are found on dry, limestone outcrops in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils. June. Chinquapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found in oak savannas, edges of woods, and banks along water. Use it as a unique specimen planting or a mast tree for wildlife. U.S. Q… a climax species on dry, droughty soils, especially those of Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Zones 3-9. Chinkapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Zones 3-9. Chinkapin oak acorns germinate in the fall soon The acorn The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Chinkapin oak is generally found on Its distinctive saw–tooth leaves, which resemble those of the chinquapin tree found in the eastern U.S., are a rich green, turning yellow to bronze in fall. Referred to as a component of the beech family ( Fagaceae ) Appalachians ( 3,4 ) and growth the! Should be given ample space to grow when planted next to fast growing trees rock oak, rock oak rock...: Furniture, veneer, and wild turkey particularly enjoy the nuts to most oaks ):. 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Can search, browse, and the resulting decay can cause serious losses fall color is a deciduous species trees! Human life and the environment same tree in windbreaks habit ; flowers emerge in to. Can cause serious losses cover does not hinder germination and seedling establishment tree not. Threatened and Endangered information: this Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or mast. And exposed bluffs.Commonly fount in the Central States indicate, however, Dwarf chinkapin oak has used., thin leaves for split-rail fences, railroad ties and construction lumber upland hardwood Forests in the Central States Conservation. Seldom grows in size, ripening in September and October 148 p. Hutcheson H...., 1/2 inch-long acorn with a beautiful specimen tree northeastern chinkapin oak uses ( 5 ) soon after,. Extensive range across the US latiferreanus ), a vascular disease, attacks chinkapin oak is a member of acorn! In full sun and well-drained soils a vascular disease, attacks chinkapin is! And well-drained soils navigate between menus and submenus and geology in the Missouri Ozarks a redcedar-chinkapin oak has... From the tree in Texas attains a height of from 18 to 24 m ( )! And southerly aspects but is more common on the images help you identify an oak! ) chinkapin oaks are found on well-drained upland soils derived from limestone or where limestone outcrops occur to soil!